One of the most important aspects of the initial evaluation for an allergic problem is a detailed and thorough medical history as it pertains to the current problem. This typically includes a review of the family (genetic) and environmental factors as well as the character and duration of symptoms and response to previous treatments.
A physical exam of pertinent body systems is an important component of an allergy evaluation. This may include a more detailed fiber optic exam of the nose and throat.
Specific tests may include allergy skin tests, blood tests for allergy, allergy patch testing, pulmonary function testing, X-rays or CAT scans as well as blood tests to evaluate the immune system.
Most patients with allergic diseases will benefit greatly from current allergy treatments. Treatment options may include allergen avoidance, use of medications, allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots), and other therapies for specific conditions.